The 14 Types Of Semi-Trailers And What Types Of Freight They Haul

The 14 Types Of Semi-Trailers And What Types Of Freight They Haul

When it comes to shipping, picking the right Lafayette trailer can make all the difference. There are several types of trailers each with a unique purpose. Here is an overview of the 14 types of trailers and what they typically can haul:

1. Flatbed Trailers

Flatbed trailers are extremely versatile and can haul almost any general cargo. They can be loaded from any direction including the tip, sides, and rear. Flatbed trailers can carry a freight weight of 48,000 pounds. 

2. Extendable Flatbed Stretch Trailers

Extendable flatbed stretch trailers are exactly that, a flatbed trailer that can be stretched for longer loads. They provide maximum support to avoid the dangers of overhanging freight. Their length helps haul even the longest cargo and their maximum freight weight is 43,000 pounds.

3. Lowboy Trailers

Lowboy trailers are good for carrying taller items like big pieces of equipment because they are lower to the ground. They are good for items that one a flatbed would be taller than the legal limit. They are unpowered and typically haul around 40,000 pounds. Though depending on the number of axles, they can haul up to 80,000 pounds.

4. Step Deck/Drop Deck Trailers

Step deck trailers are a type of flatbed trailer that has a bottom and a top. They are designed to haul freight that cannot be hauled by normal flatbed trailers because of height restrictions. They are lower to the ground and haul a maximum freight weight of 48,000 pounds.

5. Stretch Single Drop Deck

Stretch single drop deck trailers are a hybrid between an expandable stretch and a drop deck. They are designed for extremely long freights that are difficult to load. They provide a lot of support and prevent overhang. Their maximum freight weight is 45,000 pounds.

6. Stretch Double-Drop Trailer

A stretch double-drop trailer is designed for carrying oversized shipment. The lower deck allows for easy loading and it has a well that is closer to the ground. It can carry loads up to ten feet tall and at a freight weight of 45,000 pounds.

7. Extendable Double Drop Trailer

Extendable double drop trailers are for trailers that carry freight too large for standard double drop trailers. The trailer can have either 2 or 3 axles. It carries a freight weight of up to 40,000 pounds.

8. Removable Gooseneck (RGN) Trailers 

RGN trailers are ideal for carrying long and tall freight. They are detachable allowing for the trailer to be detached and create a ramp for easy loading and unloading. They are capable of hauling up to 150,000 pounds of freight.

9. Stretch Removable Gooseneck (RGN) Trailers

Stretch RGN trailers are designed to carry very long types of freight. They are easy to load like standard RGN trailers but typically have 3 or more axles. They can also haul up to 150,000 pounds of freight. 

10. Dry Van/Enclosed Trailers:

Dry van trailers are enclosed and are designed to carry products that need protection from harmful weather elements. Like flatbeds, they are very versatile and can carry a freight load between 42,000 and 45,000 pounds. They are typically loaded from the back at a loading dock, but some can also be loaded from the sides.

11. Refrigerated Trailers/Reefers:

Refrigerator trailers have a built-in temperature control designed to keep perishables safe no matter the weather outside. They are ideal for hauling sensitive items like food, medicine, and biohazards. They have a max freight weight of 42,000 to 45,000 pounds.

12. Conestoga Trailers

Conestoga trailers are similar to dry van trailers, except they use a roll down freight. They are good for products that need some protection from the weather. They are extremely easy to load and unload and carry between 42,000 and 45,000 pounds of freight. 

13. Side Kit Trailers

Side kit trailers also use a tarping system. They have short side panels made from plywood or fiberglass and are covered with a tarp. They are great for items that cannot be packaged. They haul between 42,000 and 45,000 pounds of fright.

14. Specialized Trailers

Finally, there are a variety of specialized trailers like tank trailers, power trailers, and car trailers. These are designed specifically for their unique cargo. Specialized Lafayette trailers take care of those really difficult cargos that cannot be easily transported.

Choosing the right Lafayette trailer requires a high degree of expertise. At Spurlock, our shipping experts will make sure you get the right trailer for your freight. Call us today to learn more about these and the other types of trailers available.